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356 - 323 BC Life of Alexander the Great

333 - 63 BC Hellenistic period in Palestine

73 to 4 BC Life of Herod the Great

40 BC Herod the Great appointed in Rome King of Judea

37 BC Herod the Great returns to Judea to rule his kingdom    ISBE2

27 BC Augustus Caesar made Roman Emperor ISBE2 & BEB

Augustus (27 BC to 14 AD) issued a decree for the registration of all persons within the bounds of the Roman Empire (Luke 2:1). This involved the province of Judea in Palestine, thus affecting the lives of Joseph and Mary, who traveled to Bethlehem to register. During this trip Jesus was born.

20/19 BC Reconstruction of Herod's Temple Started

4 to 6 BC Birth of Jesus Christ  -ISBE2

        The New Testament says Jesus was born during the reigns of Caesar Augustus (31 B.C. - A.D. 14) (Luke 2:1) and Herod the Great (37 B.C.- 4 B.C.) (Matt. 2:1). Also, during the first census of  Quirinius Luke 2:2)  about 6 B.C. (New data to be included later linking the events to -1 B.C.)

4 BC March or April Death of Herod the Great - Burial was at Herodium ( May 7, 2007 tomb discovered)

4 BC City of Sepphoris is built

7 to 6 BC Governorship of Varus in Syria

6 to 9 AD Governorship of Quirinius in Syria

6 to 15 AD High Priesthood of Annas

6 to 66 AD Zealots are active in Palestine

8 AD Temple Discussion when Jesus Christ was 12 Luke 2:41-52.

14 AD Birth of Paul (late)

14 AD Tiberius Caesar made Roman Emperor

Tiberius (14 to 37 AD), stepson of Augustus, is the "Caesar" mentioned in the Gospels (except for Luke 2:1). He was suspicious of rivals and severe in discipline of offenders (Matt. 22:17; Luke 3:1; 20:22; 23:2; John 19:12).

26 AD Baptism of Jesus (Willimgton) Matthew 3:16-17

26 - 36 AD Governorship of Pontius Pilate in Judea

28 AD Choosing of the Twelve Matthew 10:1-4 (Williimgton)

29 AD [Spring] Death of John the Baptist Matthew 14:1-12 (Willimgton)

29 AD [Fall] The Feast of Tabernacles Message John 7:14-39 (Willimgton)

29 AD Baptism of Jesus. Luke states Jesus was about 30 years old when he began his ministry. Luke 3:23

        The date of Jesus baptism is firmly fixed in history by eight historical crosshairs mentioned in Luke 3:1-2

29 AD [Winter] Lazarus raised from the dead John 11:1-46 (Willimgton)

30 AD [April] Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ Matthew 27-28  (Willimgton)

30 AD [May] Ascension of Christ Acts 1 (Willimgton)

30 AD [June] Pentecost Acts 2  (Willimgton)

31 AD Death of Ananias and Sapphira Acts 5:1-11  (Willimgton)

32 AD Seven deacons selected Acts 6:1-7  (Willimgton)

33 AD - Death and Resurrection of Jesus Christ

33 AD - Church Formed at Pentecost

50 days after Passover when Jesus was crucified.  3,000 were added to the church in one day. Acts 2:41  A few days later the number of believers totaled 5,000 men, not counting women and children.

35 AD Death of Stephen Acts 6:8 - 7:60

35 AD Conversion of St. Paul Acts 9:1-22

37-38  AD - Paul's First Visit to Jerusalem

Barnabas brings Saul (Paul) to meet with the Apostles. Saul went to meet Peter and stayed 15 days. He says he saw none of the other Apostles, but James, the Lord's brother. Gal. 1:18-19

37 AD  Gaius Caligula made Roman Emperor

40 AD Caligula order his statue to be set up in the temple

40 AD  Conversion of Cornelius Acts 10:41 AD - Claudius Caesar made Roman Emperor

41 to 54 AD Roman Emperor Claudius attempted to reduce strife in the empire, as shown by his decree mentioned in Acts 18:2. He is also mentioned in Acts 11:28.

42 AD Antioch Ministry of Paul and Barnabas Acts 11:19-30

44 AD  Martyrdom of apostle James Acts 12:1-2

44 AD Spring Peter is imprisoned

44 AD - Death of King Herod Agrippa I after proclaiming himself a god.

This settles the date of the preceding martyrdom of James the elder, Peter’s imprisonment and release Acts 12:2, 23).

47 to 48 AD - Paul's First Missionary Journey to Cyprus and Central Asia Minor [Acts 13:1 to 14:28]

Founding of Galatian Churches: Lystra and Iconium

49 AD - The Jerusalem Conference [Acts 15 and Galatians 2:1-10]

49 AD - Emperor Claudius expels Jews from Rome

Recorded in Acts 18:2 and mentioned by the Roman historian Suetonius

50 AD - Paul's Second Missionary Journey [Acts 15:36--18:22]

Arrives in Corinth
Central Asia Minor, Troas, Ephesus, Philippi, Thessalonica, Beroea,, Athens and Corinth
50/51 AD - Founding the Churches in Ephesus, Philippi, Thessalonica, Corinth

54 AD Nero made Roman Emperor

Nero (54 to 68 AD), known more for his various artistic pursuits than for his role as emperor. In the final years of his reign, his mind deteriorated and he ended his life by suicide. He was the first Roman emperor to persecute Christians (in Rome, 64 AD). The apostle Paul appealed to Nero for Roman justice (Acts 25:11), probably about 60 AD. Also see Acts 17:7; 25:8, 12, 21; 26:32; 27:24; 28:19.

54 AD - Paul's Visit to Jerusalem 

54 AD - Paul's Third Missionary Journey 

54 to 57 AD - Paul in Ephesus

57 AD - Paul in Corinth writes Romans

58 to 60 AD - Paul's Visit to Jerusalem and His Captivity in Caesarea

58 to 60 AD, during the procuratorship of Felix and Festus, who changed places in 60 or 61, probably in 60. This important date we can ascertain by combination from several passages in Josephus, and Tacitus. It enables us at the same time, by reckoning backward, to fix some preceding events in the life of the apostle.

59 AD Paul's voyage to Rome Acts 27:1-28:15  (Willimgton)

61 to 63 AD - Paul’s first captivity in Rome

This follows from the former date in connection with the statement in Acts 28:30.

62 AD - James, the Lord's brother, stoned to death in Jerusalem

Josephus and Hegesippus record this event.

63 to 64 AD - Herod's Temple Completed

July 64 AD - The Burning of Rome and Nero's Persecution of Christians

The Roman historian Tactitus records this event. 

64 AD - Peter Martyred in Rome According to Tradition

June 29, 66 AD - Traditional date for Paul's Beheading in Rome

66 to 73 AD - The Great Revolt - War Between Rome and Israel

Josephus records this event. The Great War of a.d. 66–73 (74) left the Jewish nation decimated and the Jewish religion without a center. An estimated one third of the Jewish population of Palestine died in the war. Jerusalem was a leveled ruin and the temple was completely demolished. A standing army—the Tenth Roman Legion—would from now on guard against insurrection.

66 AD - Christians flee to Pella to avoid the war 

67 AD - Romans Begin Campaign Against Jews Under Vespasian

68 to 69 AD - Galba; Otho; Vitellius made Roman Emperors

69 AD - Vespasian made Roman Emperor

70 AD - Fall & Complete Destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans

Recorded by Josephus and Tacitus. The Sadducees disappeared from history. Without the temple as their power base, the mostly priestly Sadducees had no reason to exist as a group. Thus the destruction of the temple meant the end of this way of living as a Jew.

73 AD - Masada Falls to the Romans

Nine-hundred and sixty Jewish Zealots commit suicide during the night rather than accept defeat at the hands of the Romans.

79 AD - Titus made Roman Emperor

81 AD - Domitian made Roman Emperor

96 AD - Nerva made Roman Emperor

98 AD - Trajan made Roman Emperor

98 AD - The Death of the Apostle John after the accession of Trajan

115 - 117 AD - The Kitos War, (Rebellion of the exile) is the name given to the second of the Jewish-Roman wars.

132 to 135 AD - The Bar Kosiba War - Third Jewish revolt against Rome

The leader of the revolt was Simon bar Kosiba. His name "son of Kosiba" was changed by his followers to bar Kochba, "son of the Star" (Num. 24:17), a Messianic title. Most historians cite two causes for the war: Emperor Hadrian’s prohibition of circumcision and his plans to rebuild—perhaps already begun when the war broke out—Jerusalem as a Gentile city called Aelia Capitolina (named after himself, Aelius Hadrian). Further, the plan to build a pagan city and to erect a temple to Zeus on the same location as the destroyed temple of Yahweh was an obvious sacrilege which few Jews could tolerate. The Romans destroyed almost one thousand villages in Judea and killed close to 600,000 people—perhaps one half of the Jewish population of Palestine.

Hadrian did build his city, Aelia Capitolina, and his pagan temple to Zeus (Jupiter). He forbade Jews to enter the city on penalty of death and maintained the prohibition against circumcision. Emperor Antoninus Pius in a.d. 138 rescinded the ban on circumcision, but not until the fourth century under Constantine were Jews once more allowed to enter the holy city.  DAVID A. FIENSY, Ph.D., The COLLEGE PRESS NIV COMMENTARY New Testament INTRODUCTION

200 AD - The Mishnah brought to closure